▷ The activated carbon Aquarium 【What Is and How It Works】

▷ El CARBÓN ACTIVADO En El Acuario【 Qué Es Y Cómo Funciona 】

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Activated Carbon in the Aquarium

Activated carbon is one of the filter materials 'chemical' most used in the aquarium. Thanks to the use of activated carbon, get water from the aquarium is free from chemical impurities.

Activated carbon filters aquarium

ÀWhat is activated carbon and used in the aquarium?

Coal activadoâ € |seguramente have heard or read on occasion, what activated carbon is a product used in the aquarium. But surely, right now you're wondering what activated carbon, how and why it is used in the aquarium. I hope along this article, clarify any doubts you may arise on this filtering material.

Activated carbon

Activated carbon is a filter materials absorbing sponge as a puree, all kinds of chemicals among which can be found in the water of the aquarium, how heavy metals, phosphates, nitrates and drug residues or toxic elements. When we talk about coal, we can refer to two types: Mineral vegetable. In the case of the activated carbon origin is vegetal, that is, It comes from the partial burning of different types of wood. To be effective in filtering water, It is subjected to a spray process to two millimeters grains. How Material, activated carbon is very porous. Precisely this characteristic is what makes him ideally suited a filtering materials, as to forcing water to pass through it, many of the chemical components present in the water are trapped inside coal. How it is one to find recurring filter media, within the filters performing filtering chemical. Charcoal It is the best product to purify and deodorize water aquariums, completely eliminating micro-toxins and pheromones. You just have to understand way what works and how it can be useful.

Chemical filtration and activated carbon

The Aquarium filters most complete, perform three types of filtration in an aquarium: mechanics, biological and chemical. Activated carbon is within the third filtering process (chemical), which means that its use will eliminate most of chemicals in water, among them, chlorine.

¿Cómo activated charcoal?

Charcoal It is generated by heating wood and plant waste at temperatures between 400C and 700C, in a complete absence of air. With this process, it is achieved that the plant materials change their molecular structure, going to get through this process, high in carbonoâ € |aproximadamente the 98%. During heating, water vapor is injected carbon dioxide or, looking for coal to increase its porosity to the limit, because the molecules are oxidized carbon. Besides adding steam and / or carbon dioxide, some manufacturers include hygroscopics, how zinc chloride, to increase the absorption capacity. This small change in the production process charcoal, to cause oxidation of the molecules, It is what is called activated charcoal.

¿Cómo activated carbon is used in the aquarium?

Activated carbon, It used as chemical filter materials within the aquarium filters. Depending on the manufacturer and type of filter that we use, It has different presentations. Some manufacturers have a filter cartridges that do not allow any manipulation, just an old cartridge is exchanged for a new one. Nevertheless, Many Aquarium filters Activated charcoal allow bulk. For use very thin bags are sold, allowing the activated carbon and contain no granules do not end up inside the aquarium. A practical substitute is to use an average of fine-grained. Once you have activated carbon in our bag, proceed to rinse repeatedly, to remove any dust that may contain. When we have clean and place it in the filter. Usually placed in the last position, behind the mechanical materials (sponge, perlónâ € |) and biological.

¿Cuánto coal must be used every time?

The amount of activated carbon used in our filter must depend on the specific variables of the aquarium: many fish, the size of the aquarium and other factors that may depend on the time, how it is that we completed a medication process, limpieza⠀ | It is best testing whether the amount of coal used was the correct, once we started using it. ¿Y how we can know? Well using methylene blue. To find out if the activated carbon filter is doing its job properly, We will place a few drops at the entrance of the filter or the filter itself. If coal is properly performing its work, the water should come out crystal clear, Conversely, If filtering is not well, residues and water will have a slightly bluish.

¿Durante how long it is effective?

The useful life of activated carbon is another issue that tends to unsettle the novice, because they do not know how long it can take effect. According to experts, the properties of the activated carbon are very changeable. We can use the test of methylene blue, to know the effectiveness of coal we have installed in the aquarium. As a rule, It should be changed after a month, after this period his equipment how much filtering effectiveness low.

¿Cuándo is best not to use activated carbon?

The key to your aquarium is in perfect condition, It is to identify the right time to provide any kind of care, making changes aimed at improving the livability of the aquarium. Activated carbon It can be used as filtering material always, as it is a highly absorbent materials that will remove us many chemicals, which otherwise they are very difficult to remove. Peroá € |claro, there are times that the chemicals we introduce them intentionally, as when performing a treatment for any disease. In these cases it is convenient to remove the activated carbon for the duration of treatment, and it would not be fully effective. Once finished, Maybe it is just and convenient refitting, to remove traces of chemicals or medications that may remain in the water.

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