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Clownfish, Amphiprion Ocellaris

  • Scientific name: Amphiprion ocellairs
  • Common name: Clownfish, Anemone fish
  • Size of the aquarium: 150 a 200 liters
  • Temperament: Quiet
  • Temperature: 26ºC and 27ºC between
  • pH: Above 8
  • Diet: omnivorous
  • Length: Between 9 and eleven centimeters

Features clownfish

The clown fish or Clownfish (clownfish in English), It is also known as anemone fish, by its symbiosis with specific sea ​​anemones. Among the characteristics of the clownfish, It is recognized worldwide for its spectacular orange and white coloring, besides being a drawing animation. It is important not to confuse the clownfish, with the fish Botia clown…considered The clown fish freshwater. Are two completely different species, since the clownfish common( Amphiprion ocellaris) It is a marine species, while the Clown Botia is freshwater. Among the fans marine aquarium It is one of the most prized species. There are several reasons, as they adapt easily, They are tough and because it is one of the few species of tropical marine fish, what They can be reproduced in captivity. is not it simple, but a fan of aquariums with experience, you can get.


Common Clownfish It is orange coloration, with three white stripes bordered by a thin black stripes more. The fins have the edge black. Its dorsal fin has eleven thorns and serves to distinguish the Amphiprion Ocellaris of the Ocellaris of the Percula, two varieties very similar. The Percula simply 10 spines on its dorsal fin, its colors are brighter and black stripes bordering white, are somewhat wider. Within the group, the dominant female is larger than the male and is usually about 11 centimeters.

Types of clownfish

You will find that there are many fish, some truly amazing. These are the most common varieties aquarium:

  • Amphiprion ocellaris
  • Amphiprion percula
  • Amphiprion clarkii
  • Amphiprion akindynos
  • Amphiprion bicinctus
  • Amphiprion allardi
  • Amphiprion chrysopterus
  • Amphiprion chrysogaster
  • Amphiprion latifasciatus
  • Amphiprion ephippium
  • Amphiprion barberi
  • Amphiprion frenatus
  • Amphiprion mccullochi
  • Amphiprion latezonatus
  • Amphiprion polymnus
  • Amphiprion sebae
  • Amphiprion akallopisos
  • Amphiprion nigripes

Distribution and habitat

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The clown fish, Like all Pomacentrids, It is native to the Pacific ?? ndico and tropical areas of the oceans, where they live in coral reefs. One of the characteristics of the entire family of clownfish, is its symbiosis with anemones. Clownfish and anemone, They are an indissoluble binomial. In nature, the two species provide protection. Clownfish protects anemones other predatory fish and prevent infections, at the same time, Anemone provides protection to the clownfish. and if we want to have a healthy clownfish, We must incorporate an anemone aquarium. Interestingly anemones are toxic, but the clownfish is immune, because mucous that protects your skin from direct contact. At present, Clown fish as many are raised in specialized tanks and no longer come from nature, anemones can be replaced by other protection, such as corals.

Curiosities clownfish: Clown fish and anemone

In the animal world is often seen as some species coexist in symbiosis, depending on each other, for survival. In the case of the clownfish and sea anemone, It is one of these curious cases of symbiosis that they occur in nature. Peroá € |â Although we think that all coexist with anemones clownfish, is not it. Of the 1.000 different species of anemones, only a 10 species coexist with 26 different species of tropical Clowfish. Basically coexistence is based on mutual protection. Clownfish Anemone prevent being attacked by their natural predators, As the Butterfly fish and also it provides nutrients in wastes. Clownfish benefits from a safe haven against most of its natural predators, because it has developed a natural protection stinging anemone stings.

Aquarium conditions

The aquarium to keep a clownfish (various) You must be between a hundred and fifty and 200 liters, although they can thrive in smaller aquariums, It is not recommended. Clownfish appreciate the frequent renewal of water, which is a source of comfort and also encourage the setting. Important that the aquarium contains an anemone, around which usually swim and serves as protection. In fish reared for sale, and not from the sea, It can be replaced by a coral. Too They can be decorated with rocks, to provide them with shelter they need.

Water parameters

For the clownfish is situated or their home environment, water from the aquarium must maintain the following parameters:

  • Temperature: 26ºC and 27ºC between
  • pH: Above 8
  • Density: 1.025


Sure you're asked you Eating Clownfish. I'll tell you that they are omnivorous fish, They eat small crustaceans and plants, as well as the water present in the zooplankton. On freedom, They can be fed from microorganisms present in anemones, even some of the tentacles of this, arising. logically, when we have our clownfish in the aquarium home it is difficult to provide the food they eat free. There are specific granules prepared for the clownfish, and frozen food, como la Artemia.

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Behavior and compatibility

In general terms, It is a peaceful fish suitable for a community tank. Usually it get along with other species, and individuals of their own species, living in small groups of 2 Y 8 individuals. Within the group there is a hierarchy in which dominates the female, showing certain aggressiveness toward the male, to not develop female organs (Now we see in reproduction). At the same time, the largest male, controls the smallest to not fertilize the female.

¿Cuanto lives a clownfish?

The life expectancy of these individuals is between 2 Y 6 years, although it is known that some specimens have been known to live up to 12 years in captivity.


Within the group of clownfish there is always a dominant female. When the female disappears, the larger male is entitled to become female, process is irreversible. For egg laying seek refuge in an anemone, to provide them with protection. In a first phase, the pair of clownfish clears the chosen place for the start, even aggressive to any intruders shown that approximates the location of the nest. About three or four hours after preparing the place, starts laying, which extends between 30 Y 60 minutes. The female lays eggs, which they are fertilized by the male, and protected by the couple. In the eighth or ninth day of laying, the eggs hatch at night. In its early stages, fry need to feed on marine plankton to survive.


Currently you can find clown fish come from captive breeding. It is preferable to buy these specimens bred in captivity, although the price of the clownfish is greater. It is important to prevent these fish disappear in their natural state. In the exemplary buy for the aquarium, must ensure that no two females purchases, especially because they are too territorial and would be harmful. As I told, if you buy two males would be no problem, one of the two takes the role of female and nothing would happen.

ÀWhat price has clownfish?

If you are interested in buy a clownfish, You know that the price varies depending on the size and variety. Common Clownfish small, the ocellaris clownfish can cost about 12 euros. One of the most expensive is the clownfish platinum, el Amphiprion Ocellaris Platinum, which can cost about 45 euros. Personally I love the variety Amphiprion Ocellaris Black, which it is in the vicinity of the 35 euros. Which is also spectacular is the clownfish Amphiprion Ocellairs Snowflake, which also moves in the order of 35 euros. My tip is buy fish in a place of trust, since some fish are not treated properly and some are sold very cheap because they do not meet the minimal conditions of sanitation, and they may be selling you a sick fish.

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Images clownfish

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