▷ Pez Ramirezi, Microgeophagus Ramirezi. Care Guide

▷ Pez Ramirezi, Microgeophagus Ramirezi. Guía De Cuidados

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  • Scientific name: Microgeophagus Ramirezi
  • Common name: fish ramirezi, Ramirez dwarf cichlid, Butterfly cichlid or ram cichlid
  • Size of the aquarium: forty litros (per couple)
  • Temperament: Territorial
  • Temperature: Between 26º and 30ºC
  • pH: Between oven there 7
  • Diet: omnivorous
  • Length: 7 cms


The fish Ramirezi (Microgeophagus Ramirezi), It belongs to the family of cichlids South American. In the family of cichlids covering over 900 species, we have large fish. Nevertheless, Ramirezi fish is a dwarf cichlid (Ramirez Dwarf cichlid) which does not usually exceed 7 centimeters. One of the major disadvantages of this fish, It is that in captivity usually live no more than two or three years, however worth your breeding, for his great eye candy in the aquarium. Get other popular names like, Butterfly cichlid or ram cichlid.


Captive fish usually not exceed Ramirezi 7 centimeters long in males, females are usually slightly smaller. Other sexual dimorphism, is that males have fins widespread, and intense colors. The females, further, They have a pink stain on the belly, absent in males. these fish They are laterally compressed and have a rounded belly. Popular striking and so they are so coveted in aquariums, It is for their color, that can change depending on different reasons, such as your mood or quality of water. Due to its popularity, They have developed a number of varieties, with different morphological changes, as is its color (dorado, € albinoâ |) and fins lyre-shaped. The traditional coloration of this fish is the yellow-blue, black with blue spots on his body, and a vertical strip that crosses the brown eye color to black.

Crappies Ramirezi

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The common Ramirezi is the aquarists call ramirezi German, to distinguish it from the wide variety of fish Ramirezi for sale, fruit of different crosses, genetic modification and selective breeding of copies. exist specimens with different colorations, It has even succeeded in changing the morphology in the Ramirezi veil, without changing the appearance of the species common.

Blue ramirezi (Ramirezi Blue)

The Ramirezi Blue or Electric Blue ramirezi It is quite similar to the authentic variety, although it is somewhat thinner and evidently, with a very bright blue coloration, which it has helped him earn the nickname electric blue Ramirezi.

ramirezi ball

We know that the ball Ramirezi is a Microgeophagus, because if we say it is a completely different variety, we might believe. It is true that somewhat resembles the common Ramirezi fish, but its morphological change and different colors that can be found, make it a unique example and also quite surprising.

Golden Ramirezi

The golden Ramirezi, It is identical morphologically to the common Ramirezi, except for their color. It's without doubt that its color is very original, but not nearly as striking as that of the German Ramirezi.

Ramirezi veil

Coloration is identical to the German Ramirezi, the difference is in the dorsal fins along its, caudal, ventral, pectoral and anal, a disproportionate size, however it is very striking in the aquarium, when the fish is moving.

Fish Ramirezi veil

Distribution and habitat

These fish are known to They are originally from the Orinoco River, in Venezuela and Colombia, but some sources claim that it is also possible to find in the Purus River in Brazil, which it is a tributary of the Amazon. They live in what are called Llanos, a flood plains seasonally, and which also includes some forests. They are areas of high vegetation, water with little movement and rather grim.

Aquarium conditions

The size of the aquarium necessary, It measured in terms of copies that are to be introduced, with some 40 liters per couple. The reason is very easy, although not aggressive fish, if they are very territorial and they need enough space, to avoid problems with other couples. The temperature of the water should be between 26º and 30ºC, con a pH between oven y 7. To play your Pure environment, must be added a sandy substrate. In its natural habitat, They have a lot of shade, so that must be added to the water timber or floating branches, as well as plants and places where they can give shelter (hideouts). Another good idea, It is added dry leaves, to create a greater sense of naturalness, and once they begin to decompose, provide a secondary source of food. These fish are quite delicate, therefore not recommended for beginners, and is not thought good place in a new aquarium or immature.


They are omnivorous. In the aquarium they can offer live and frozen foods, as worms, Artemia of Daphnia. This power should be complemented with quality dry food. some aquarists, they offer food made at home. They make a kind of gelatin, in including dry food, seafood puree, fruit and vegetables, then chopped into small portions, to make them easy capture.

Behavior and compatibility

The problem with fish aquarium Ramirezi to share with other species, is that You need a water quality above average, This greatly complicates inclusion in a community tank. Nevertheless, It does not mean you can not share aquarium. You can share space with characids peaceful accustomed to living in open water. this combination, you can help reduce your characteristic shyness.


  • The fish Ramirezi It is monogamous, They form a faithful partner throughout his short life.
  • To start playback, It recommends starting with a group of young fish and as they are created couples, These grow apart.
  • It seems that there is no obvious reason to start spawning, Although a good diet and an absolute management is recommended on the quality of water.
  • Inexperienced couples can eat their offspring, although this usually refer attitude after several attempts.
  • Spawning takes place on a solid surface, which can be a stone, driftwood, plants with broad leaves, even on the wall of the aquarium.
  • Female puts one or more rows of eggs, which they are then fertilized by the male.
  • The eggs hatch within two or three days of fertilization. The fry remain motionless for about five days, for those who do not need food, but once you start swimming, They should offer them adequate microscopic food.


The varieties of fish artificially achieved Ramirezi: golden varieties, tailed grouse, etc, They are genetically weaker, They are likely to get sick easily and live considerably less time than traditional species. They are delicate fish to keep, so that recommended for aquarists with some experience.

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Photographs of the fish Ramirezi, Microgeophagus Ramirezi

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