▷ the best substrate for AQUARIUS 2020 【】 Comparison Guide

▷ EL MEJOR SUSTRATO PARA ACUARIO 2020 【 Guía Comparativa 】

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The best potting soil for Aquarius

ÀWhat it is the substrate of the aquarium and important is?

Choose the substrate for the aquarium or absence of any type of substrate, It is one of the first decisions we have to take our aquarium riding. If you're starting at the acuariofilia you're wondering, and rightly, What a difference, the advantage or disadvantage for different substrates, a and You can spend to put in the aquarium substrate…whole, then you have to clean the aquarium and the substrate is a nest of bacteria and filth. Ummmm⠀ |.bien and bad. I'll answer the first. The substrate is grit that, gravel or organic material that is placed at the bottom of the aquarium. It has different functions. One and the most important, it is promote the development of bacteria, to help you full cycle nitrogen. Even if it seems to be a hotbed of dirt, actually It plays an important role in maintaining the ecosystem of the aquarium, And if we have plants, serve to sustain its roots. The Plants for aquarium They are very important and we must weigh a lot if you place them or not. Personally I recommend use, obviously your choice has much to do with the type of aquarium, fish species we care, etc. But They are essential for maintaining the health of the aquarium⠀ |igual the substrate.

Substrates best-selling aquarium

With so many types of substrate ¿Cuál choose?

Before deciding remaining, I suggest reading the full article, sure you'll have much clearer that is the type of substrate that best suits your aquarium. In the market you'll find a large quantity of substrates, but basically they can be divided into three groups, inert, nutritious and clayey.

inert substrates

The substrates They consist mainly of gravel and sand, with an almost infinite number of options, in terms of its size and coloration. It is important that when you are making the decision to purchase, sands or gravels discards those not colored, since they often have chemicals that can be toxic to fish.

Advantages and disadvantages of inert substrates for aquarium

Like any choice you take to build your aquarium, getting positive and negative. As a highlight advantages:

  • They do not influence the quality of water
  • As affecting the quality of water, They allow us greater control over the parameters of the aquarium

Its advantages, appears its main disadvantage:

Types of inert substrates sands and gravels

Well, Maybe if you're starting with your aquarium, and you have decided to use an inert substrate, It seems to be the most suitable for beginners, € Peroá |¿Cuál choose? The variety is wide. I'll show you the different options you can choose, with its main features:

Sand for aquarium

Sands aquarium They have thicknesses between 0,5 a 2 mm thick. A thick this is called granulometry, and you are getting thicker and thinner sands. Before deciding on the area, you have to know the advantages and disadvantages that this substrate.

  • The enviornment can cause problems in the long run because it tends to compact, interrupting the cycle of water and air, generating anaerobically. I invite you to read about the nitrogen cycle, understand which are the least desired conditions for good health of the aquarium.
  • In all arenas it will not be bad, They are very decorative. In combination with other elements, like plants, important, rock or logs, a great feeling of naturalness and originality.
  • We can choose to use complement and place in certain areas of the aquarium where there will be plants, or as cover last, on a main substrate.

Arena
Freshwater aquarium

marine aquarium

Gambario

Freshwater aquarium

marine aquarium

sizes
bags 10 kilos

bags 4 kilos.

bags 5 kilos

bags 4 kilos

bags 5 kilos

Description
  • 1 mm thick (maximum)
  • White quartz sand (classical)
  • completely neutral
  • All kinds of aquariums
  • 1 a 2 mm thick
  • Premium quality
  • Suitable for marine aquariums

  • 0.2 a 1.4 mm thick
  • Black sand glass
  • Premium quality
  • All kinds of aquariums
  • Silica sand
  • Does not modify any parameter of water
  • Very fine grain
  • 0,eight a 1 mm thick
  • sea ​​sand reef
  • Suitable for marine aquariums

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

Area

sizes
bags 10 kilos

Description
  • 1 mm thick (maximum)
  • White quartz sand (classical)
  • completely neutral
  • All kinds of aquariums

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

¡¡Me interested!!

marine aquarium

Enviornment

sizes
Bags four kilos.

Description
  • 1 a 2 mm thick
  • Premium quality
  • Suitable for marine aquariums

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

¡¡Me interested!!

Gambario

Enviornment

sizes
bags 5 kilos

Description
  • 0.2 a 1.four mm de grueso
  • Black sand glass
  • Premium quality
  • All kinds of aquariums

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

¡¡Me interested!!

Freshwater aquarium

Arena

sizes
Bags four kilos

Description
  • Silica sand
  • Does not modify any parameter of water
  • Very fine grain

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

¡¡Me interested!!

marine aquarium

Arena

sizes
bags 5 kilos

Description
  • 0,eight a 1 mm thick
  • sea ​​sand reef
  • Suitable for marine aquariums

Marine Aquarium

Freshwater aquarium

¡¡Me interested!!

important

What differentiates gravel area, It is the size. We talk gravel when the size of the granules is between 2mm and 5mm. Thanks to its size, They allow water and air to flow therethrough, facilitating the exchange of oxygen and preventing harmful toxins appear to the ecosystem of the aquarium. As inert materials, They do not influence the parameters of the aquarium, although they fulfill their primary function, promote the development of beneficial bacteria. They may be used alone or in combination with other substrates, It is equally decorative, as the sand.

clayey substrata

Although clays could (or should) classified as a substrate inert, the truth is that if They have the ability to change the parameters of the water, therefore they deserve a separate chapter. clays They contain nutrients such as iron, aluminum oxide or magnesium, and they are releasing in the aquarium for a long period of time. They also have other very curious quality. They possess the ability to exchange ions. They are loaded with negative particles, which they attract positive, such as calcium or magnesium, making it easier to be absorbed by plant roots. It is not to be used as routine single substrate, rather as a complement to a nutritious substrate, at the bottom of the aquarium and mixed or under a inert substrate. should not be used as cover substrate, and powder particles containing, leaving the murky water for a long time, until get aposentarse. I think it's interesting to list the advantages and disadvantages that are getting to the clay used as substrate:

Advantages and disadvantages of clayey substrates

Advantage:

  • Adificar help water, decreasing its pH and thus its hardness.
  • Thanks to having negative charges, help retain nutrients and are absorbed by plants.
  • Improve circulation and oxygenation of water.
  • Help keep the roots subject of aquarium plants.
  • Facilitate the growth of bacteria, helping to improve the health of the aquarium by the biological filtration.

disadvantages:

  • To the clay moving the substrate in the aquarium, We create a little chaos. The water becomes murky and brown color.
  • Their presence influences the quality of water and its parameters. Sometimes hard work getting stabilize.

Definitely, They are a very interesting option to consider, halfway between the inert substrates and nutrients, but what be treated with caution and may not be the most desirable substrates for newbies. You can find three types of clays for sale:

Akadama

The clay Akadama It comes from Japan and is of volcanic origin. some varieties, They are used in the cultivation of bonsai. For aquarium find different clays Akadama, classified according to their thickness (granulometry), homogeneity and consistency.

Kiryuzuna

It is also a clay source in Japan. It is extracted from the mountains around the city of Kiryu and it is also of volcanic origin. The great advantage of this clay is its ability to stabilize the pH of the water at intervals 6.5 a 7.

Kanuma

Also from Japan (City Kanuma) and it is of volcanic origin, It is lighter than akadama and has a much clearer coloration. It has a more acidic pH, about 6.

Nutritious substrates for planted aquariums

Nutritious substrates for aquarium, and They have the ability modify the parameters of the water as pH, gH y kH, because they contain large amounts of organic matter, which they serve to provide nutrients to plants aquarium. All nutritious substrates sold for aquarium, generally they contain organic matter and also a part of clay. When you are using this type of substrates, Splendid what is put over a layer of gravel. If we choose not to use this option, It is advisable to put under the substrate a porous substrate (clay), to help fix the plant roots. Before deciding on any of the different types of nutritious substrates, I advise you to ask that way they can influence the parameters of water. Please note that water is the most important of the aquarium, its quality will influence the plants themselves and also in fish and other living things in the aquarium.

Nutritious types of substrates

Although all nutritious substrates have the same function, They may vary depending on its structure, and its composition.

Substrates enriched nutritious and unique substrates

They are specifically designed planted aquarium and laterite are compounds which organic matter is added and mineral, that release nutrients for very long periods of time. In the market we can find different types of substrates enriched nutritious, with different granulometry, designed to be used alone (Single Layer), or combined with inert substrates, gravel or sand. Which they are intended to be used alone, They are very aesthetic, They have very nice colorations in black or brown colors. Within the enriched substrates, we can find some specific parameters to keep the aquarium at certain levels, which are suitable for aquarium plants. these substrates They require us to plan very well as it will be our aquarium before starting, because from the beginning we have to put a lot of plants, to keep the water in optimal parameters.

**A well planted aquarium, maintenance needs great cycling during the first months. You must change the water in the aquarium 50% every two or three days, so that the parameters are not unbalance.

Selection of nutritious substrates for planted aquarium

  • Tropica high quality substrate planted tank
  • Long-term storage of plant nutrients
  • Promotes healthy growth waterplant
  • Concentrated Natural clay and mosses

Selection of nutritious substrates for planted aquarium

  • Natural Sand premium for the planted aquarium.
  • Good for the life of the aquarium.

Selection of nutritious substrates for planted aquarium

  • Care optimum plant through its porous structure and function of nutrient storage: substrate freshwater aquarium.
  • Vigorous plant growth prevents the formation of algae: cash settlement of beneficial bacteria in the soil and growth…
  • Ideal for fish, invertebrates and plants: without unwanted contaminants in water. Round granules are delicate sensitive barbel…
  • Large storage capacity: the natural substrate absorbs excess nutrients and releases when necessary.

Soil type substrate: nutritious substrate inert substrate

The soil type substrate It is the best that can be used, if we pretend that contains nutrients long-term. Nevertheless, It is not the most suitable substrate for starting at acuariofilia, because of its high iron concentration, carbon and nutrients, that can complicate life and very much a novice. The soil type substrates They should be used in combination with inert, placing a thick layer of soil type substrate (2,5 a four cms), to top with a layer of fine gravel (inert substrate). For more experienced using the substrate soil type, brings other advantages, like what CO2 released slowly, eliminating the need to add artificially. During the first week of use, releases large amounts of organic matter and nutrients, It can be potentially dangerous to fish in the aquarium. For those who start, It is not advisable to use these substrates.

Tips for choosing the best substrate

  • For the beginners, it is best picking a totally inert substrate gravel. The enviornment should be used for decoration only.
  • States that have kind of want Aquarium, biotopo want to recreate or if you prefer a gambario.
  • Choose plants that will be part of your project. It is best to start with very low maintenance plants, to gradually increase the difficulty.
  • Use nutrient substrate, only in those areas of the aquarium where you are placing plants. Seals the nutrient substrate with inert gravel above.
  • If you have experience and want something more, decantarte can only substrates or mixed with sands and gravels decorative.
  • This choice requires having a good amount of plants, so it is only recommended for experienced.

Calculate the amount of substrate needed

substrates, gravels and sands are not sold by kilos, but liters. We calculate the number of liters of material we need, depending on the height we want provide substrate or gravel. What are we calculate cubic centimeters and then had to liters. Measure the length, the width and height you want to have the sutrato. ***For example a hundred cms long from the X Aquarium 50 cm wide X 5 centimeters high for the substrate = 25.000 cms3 (cubic centimeters) We divide among a thousand, to know liters = 25 liters.

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